Among the various kinds of clothes cleaning materials, detergent powder spelled out the most widely used by almost the entire population of the world as a replacement for bar soap and cream which has been there first. Detergent powder is widely used because it has the advantage of having the washing power better than bar soap or cream. Detergent powder is divided into two types, namely hand washing detergent (washing by hand) and detergent washing machine (detergent matic). Both have different specifications, especially regarding small amount of foam and its density. In the detergent to wash by hand, are generally manufactured with a relatively abundant foam. As for detergent matic, the presence of foam avoided precisely because it would require excessive flushing.
To make detergent powder, the raw materials needed consist of core materials, builders materials, additives and other ingredients. Which includes the core material (surfactant), the alkyl benzene sulfonate (ABS) and sodium laurel sulfate (SLS). ABS consists of two types, namely dedokil benzene sulfonate (DDBS) in the form of blackish brown viscous liquid and linear alkyl benzene sulphonate (LABS) in the form of a brown viscous liquid. SLS itself in the form of white powder.
Functionally, both these materials have contributed to the increase in net power. ABS concentration is allowed at least 95%. Building materials for detergent powder consisting of sodium silicate which has a binding function of other raw materials, prevent clotting, and prevents dirt sticking back. Sodium silicate is colorless viscous liquid (clear). Other builder materials in the form of sodium Tripolyphosphate (STPP) and sodium carbonate (soda ash). Both are useful as a water softener when washing detergent so that the function to be optimal.
Additional ingredients include sodium sulfite were added to the formation of detergent powder to be homogeneous. In the manufacture of detergent powder formula, giving it relatively little sodium sulfite. Additional material consists of enzymes that can increase the net for some stubborn stains, such as optical brightener (OB) that is able to make clothes the laundry looks bright because they contain flurosen which when exposed to ultraviolet light will radiate brilliance. Anti-foam is added if you want to manufacture detergent powder with minimal foam, which percentage is relatively little on the formula. Anti foam can be made from various kinds of chemicals, such as polyethylene glycol and ethylene bis-steramida.
The opposite of anti-foam is a foam booster (alkilamida).Chemicals that act as foam boosters can be added if you want an abundant foam. The addition of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) which functions as an anti redeposisi to prevent loose dirt that was stuck due to leaching back into the clothes. While sodium carbonated is additional material that serves as a bleach. For sodium carbonated use relatively little because if too many will fade the color of the clothing. Lastly, can also be added to provide fragrance perfume that will be attached to clothing.
As for the filler material is actually only a few have the function of the quality effect. Even so, remain necessary because it can increase the volume of bulk detergent powder thus benefiting from the economic aspect. Various kinds of fillers, namely sodium sulphate that can help clean power and increase the volume of detergent detergent and zeolite which serves to neutralize too much water containing calcium salts.
Other materials are also important to add is the addition of caustic soda which aims to neutralize the acidity of ABS. thin slab of material is intangible so it needs reconstituted by inserting the plate into the water little by little later in stir gently, not the other way with water put on the plate. The desired concentration by 48%. Other materials in the form of water that serves as a solvent detergent slurry in a mixer so that the dough can be mixed detergent evenly. This water is not added too much because it can cause the detergent to be moist. All the raw materials for making detergents can be purchased at shops nearby chemicals.
Method of Making Detergent :
There are three methods of making detergent powder which can be selected, those are spray drying method, agglomeration method, and method of dry mix (CKS). Spray drying method is by mixing the solid and liquid raw materials are diluted with water to form slurry was evaporated to form the detergent dry detergent. The process of making this method requires a detergent to the spray drier machine either small or large, depending on production capacity to be achieved. Spray dryer large capacity (3 tons / hour) is generally used by the major manufacturers whose products are already exported sometimes even national scale. Meanwhile, spray driers small capacity engines ranging between 100-200 kg / h is widely used by small scale producers. The end result of this method has a detergent with a hollow grain characteristics.
Agglomeration method is the reaction of the solid detergent raw materials with raw materials is a liquid in a rotating drum. Characteristics of detergent that uses this method is granular detergent is quite large so that the volume of the packaging looks a little but it feels heavy. Unlike the spray drying method that is continuous, agglomeration method is also called a batch process that is created for each batter.
Simple dry mix method (CKS) is a method of making the most simple detergent because it can be done in a medium scale (100 kg / batch). Preparation by this method can also use simple tools such as buckets, scales, filters, gloves, measuring cups, pipettes, plastic containers, and plastic bags. Detergent granules of these methods granular solid but softer than detergent granules made by the method of agglomeration. Output can be generated from this method is as much as 25-30 kg / day.
After knowing the constituent materials and methods of manufacture of detergent powder detergent, the next step is to prepare the formula. The important thing to note is the aspect of quality and cost of materials. In addition, it is also important to determine the target market who want to target, because it also created a formula that will determine whether to create a formula for the price low, medium or high. Formulation of raw materials is also determined from the method of manufacture that will be selected, as if making different then the formula would be different. The difference of this formulation to facilitate the business in achieving the target market that has been predetermined. It is also to anticipate the business competition in the field of detergent.
Marketing and Constraints :
To market detergent powder in order to be well received in the market, which should be done by the business is by targeting specific markets such as laundry business emerging lately. In addition, businesses can also do marketing with a system of multilevel marketing (MLM). Both ways of marketing can be done by novice entrepreneurs due to general market already dominated by large producers with a vigorous advertising and promotions. In order to compete with the already well-known brands, one way is to make detergent powder whose quality is much superior to the foam and fragrance (fragrance or aroma) are delicious, but at a cheap price.
Constraints in the manufacture of detergent powder is a quality standard because it requires sophisticated equipment and spraydriers quite expensive. But for entrepreneurs who do not have a large capital, can use simple tools in the form of dry mixing (drymixer) which is relatively inexpensive and can be made. Or for entrepreneurs who do not have the capital to apply for a loan in order mspaydayloans capital issues can be resolved.
Although currently most famous brands is arguably dominate the market, but business is still business prospects are quite promising, provided that can produce detergent powder with competitive quality and price is relatively cheap and able to target the right market. Evidently some powdered detergent home industry can last for years and quite successful. Opportunities are also wide open because of the many consumers in big cities prefer to use powdered detergent than other types of cleaning clothes.